@article{Pak
  title = {Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology Earth System Model and Its Simulation Characteristics},
  author = { Pak, Gyundo and Noh, Yign and Lee, Myong-In and Yeh, Sang-Wook and Kim, Daehyun and Kim, Sang-Yeob and Lee, Joon-Lee and Lee, Ho Jin and Hyun, Seung-Hwon and Lee, Kwang-Yeon and Lee, Jae-Hak and Park, Young-Gyu and Jin, Hyunkeun and Park, Hyukmin and Kim, Young Ho },
  url = {https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12601-021-00001-7},
  journal = {Ocean Science Journal},
  volume = {56},
  pages = {18-45},
},
@article{Nicholls
  title = {Regionally aggregated, stitched and de‐drifted CMIP‐climate data, processed with netCDF‐SCM v2.0.0},
  author = { Nicholls, Zebedee and Lewis, Jared and Makin, Melissa and Nattala, Usha and Zhang, Geordie Z. and Mutch, Simon J. and Tescari, Edoardo and Meinshausen, Malte },
  url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gdj3.113},
  journal = {Geoscience Data Journal},
},
@article{Thornhill
  title = {Effective radiative forcing from emissions of reactive gases and aerosols – a multi-model comparison},
  author = { Thornhill, Gillian D. and Collins, William J. and Kramer, Ryan J. and Olivié, Dirk and Skeie, Ragnhild B. and O'Connor, Fiona M. and Abraham, Nathan Luke and Checa-Garcia, Ramiro and Bauer, Susanne E. and Deushi, Makoto and Emmons, Louisa K. and Forster, Piers M. and Horowitz, Larry W. and Johnson, Ben and Keeble, James and Lamarque, Jean-Francois and Michou, Martine and Mills, Michael J. and Mulcahy, Jane P. and Myhre, Gunnar and Nabat, Pierre and Naik, Vaishali and Oshima, Naga and Schulz, Michael and Smith, Christopher J. and Takemura, Toshihiko and Tilmes, Simone and Wu, Tongwen and Zeng, Guang and Zhang, Jie },
  url = {https://acp.copernicus.org/articles/21/853/2021/},
  journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {853-874},
},
@article{van Noije
  title = {EC-Earth3-AerChem, a global climate model with interactive aerosolsand atmospheric chemistry participating in CMIP6},
  author = { van Noije, Twan and Bergman, Tommi and Le Sager, Philippe and O'Donnell, Declan and Makkonen, Risto and Gonçalves-Ageitos, María and Döscher, Ralf and Fladrich, Uwe and von Hardenberg, Jost and Keskinen, Jukka-Pekka and Korhonen, Hannele and Laakso, Anton and Myriokefalitakis, Stelios and Ollinaho, Pirkka and Pérez García-Pando, Carlos and Reerink, Thomas and Schrödner, Roland and Wyser, Klaus and Yang, Shuting },
  url = {https://gmd.copernicus.org/preprints/gmd-2020-413/},
  journal = {Geoscientific Model Development},
},
@article{Dunne
  title = {Comparison of Equilibrium Climate Sensitivity Estimates From Slab Ocean, 150‐Year, and Longer Simulations},
  author = { Dunne, John P. and Winton, Michael and Bacmeister, Julio and Danabasoglu, Gokhan and Gettelman, Andrew and Golaz, Jean‐Christophe and Hannay, Cecile and Schmidt, Gavin A. and Krasting, John P. and Leung, L. Ruby and Nazarenko, Larissa and Sentman, Lori T. and Stouffer, Ronald J. and Wolfe, Jonathan D. },
  url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020GL088852},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {47},
},
@article{Irving
  title = {A Mass and Energy Conservation Analysis of Drift in the CMIP6 Ensemble},
  author = { Irving, Damien and Hobbs, Will and Church, John and Zika, Jan },
  url = {https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0281.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  pages = {1-43},
},
@article{Tsutsui
  title = {Diagnosing Transient Response to CO 2 Forcing in Coupled Atmosphere‐Ocean Model Experiments Using a Climate Model Emulator},
  author = { Tsutsui, Junichi },
  url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019GL085844},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {47},
},
@article{Irving
  title = {Anthropogenic Aerosols, Greenhouse Gases, and the Uptake, Transport, and Storage of Excess Heat in the Climate System},
  author = { Irving, Damien. B. and Wijffels, Susan. and Church, John. A. },
  url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019GL082015},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {46},
  pages = {4894-4903},
},
@article{Medhaug
  title = {Global and regional surface cooling in a warming climate: a multi-model analysis},
  author = { Medhaug, Iselin and Drange, Helge },
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-015-2811-y},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {46},
  pages = {3899-3920},
},
@article{Roberts C. D.
  title = {Quantifying the likelihood of a continued hiatus in global warming},
  author = { Roberts C. D. and Palmer M. D. and McNeall D. and Collins M. },
  url = {http://http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v5/n4/full/nclimate2531.html},
  journal = {Nature Climate Change},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {337-342},
},
@article{Melet A. V.
  title = {Explaining the Spread in Global Mean Thermosteric Sea Level Rise in CMIP5 Climate Models},
  author = { Melet A. V. and Meyssignac B. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Melet A. V.
  title = {Explaining the Spread in Global Mean Thermosteric Sea Level Rise in CMIP5 Climate Models},
  author = { Melet A. V. and Meyssignac B. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Melet A. V.
  title = {Explaining the Spread in Global Mean Thermosteric Sea Level Rise in CMIP5 Climate Models},
  author = { Melet A. V. and Meyssignac B. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{English J. M.
  title = {Arctic Radiative Fluxes: Present-Day Biases and Future Projections in CMIP5 Models},
  author = { English J. M. and Gettelman A. and Henderson G. R. },
  url = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00801.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {6019-6038},
},
@article{Niznik M. J.
  title = {The Role of Tropical-Extratropical Interaction and Synoptic Variability in Maintaining the South Pacific Convergence Zone in CMIP5 Models},
  author = { Niznik M. J. and Lintner B. R. and Matthews A. J. and Widlansky M. J. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {3353-3374},
},
@article{Frölicher T. L.
  title = {Dominance of the Southern Ocean in Anthropogenic Carbon and Heat Uptake in CMIP5 Models},
  author = { Frölicher T. L. and Sarmiento J. L. and Paynter D. J. and Dunne J. P. and Krasting J. P. and Winton M. },
  url = {http://http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00117.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {862-886},
},
@article{Wild M.
  title = {The energy balance over land and oceans: An assessment based on direct observations and CMIP5 climate models},
  author = { Wild M. and Folini D. and Hakuba M. and Schär C. and Seneviratne S. and Kato S. and Rutan D. and Ammann C. and Wood E. and König-Langlo G. },
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2430-z},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {44},
  pages = {3393-3429},
},
@article{Kamae Y.
  title = {Robust cloud feedback over tropical land in a warming climate},
  author = { Kamae Y. and Ogura T. and Watanabe M. and Xie S. and Ueda H. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JD024525/abstract},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
},
@article{Kamae Y.
  title = {Robust cloud feedback over tropical land in a warming climate},
  author = { Kamae Y. and Ogura T. and Watanabe M. and Xie S. and Ueda H. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JD024525/abstract},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
},
@article{Donohoe
  title = {Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO 2},
  author = { Donohoe, Aaron and Armour, Kyle C. and Pendergrass, Angeline G. and Battisti, David S. },
  url = {http://www.pnas.org/content/111/47/16700},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  volume = {111},
  pages = {16700-16705},
},
@article{Zelinka M. D.
  title = {Quantifying components of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in climate models},
  author = { Zelinka M. D. and Andews T. and Forster P. M. and Taylor K. E. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014JD021710/abstract},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
  volume = {119},
},
@article{Zou Y.
  title = {CMIP5 model simulations of the impacts of the two types of El Niño on the U.S. winter temperature},
  author = { Zou Y. and Yu J. and Lee T. and Lu M. and Kim S. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021064/abstract},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
  volume = {119},
  pages = {3076-3092},
},
@article{Lima N. E.
  title = {Phylogeography and ecological niche modelling, coupled with the fossil pollen record, unravel the demographic history of a Neotropical swamp palm through the Quaternary},
  author = { Lima N. E. and Lima-Ribeiro M. S. and Tinoco C. F. and Terribile L. C. and Collevatti R. G. },
  journal = {Journal of Biogeography},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {673-686},
},
@article{Wang F.
  title = {Radiation budget biases in AMIP5 models over the East Asian monsoon region},
  author = { Wang F. and Yang S. and Wu T. },
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
},
@article{Dolinar E. K.
  title = {Evaluation of CMIP5 Simulated Clouds and TOA Radiation Budgets Using NASA Satellite Observations},
  author = { Dolinar E. K. and Dong X. and Xi B. and Jiang J. H. and Su H. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Medeiros B.
  title = {Using aquaplanets to understand the robust responses of comprehensive climate models to forcing},
  author = { Medeiros B. and Stevens B. and Bony S. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Allan R. P.
  title = {Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012},
  author = { Allan R. P. and Liu C. and Loeb N. G. and Palmer M. D. and Roberts M. and Smith D. and Vidale P. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL060962/abstract},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
},
@article{Palmer M. D.
  title = {Internal variability of Earth's energy budget simulated by CMIP5 climate models },
  author = { Palmer M. D. and McNeall D. J. },
  url = {http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034016/article},
  journal = {Environmental Research Letters},
  volume = {9},
},
@article{Barton N. P.
  title = {On the Contribution of Longwave Radiation to Global Climate Model Biases in Arctic Lower Tropospheric Stability},
  author = { Barton N. P. and Klein S. A. and Boyle J. S. },
  url = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00126.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {27},
  pages = {7250-7269},
},
@article{Grise K. M.
  title = {Southern Hemisphere cloud-dynamics biases in CMIP5 models and their implications for climate projections},
  author = { Grise K. M. and Polvani L. M. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {27},
  pages = {6074-6092},
},
@article{Kamae Y.
  title = {Tropospheric adjustment to increasing CO2: its timescale and the role of land-sea contrast},
  author = { Kamae Y. and Watanabe M. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {3007-3024},
},
@article{Stevens B.
  title = {What Are Climate Models Missing?},
  author = { Stevens B. and Bony S. },
  journal = {Science},
  volume = {340},
  pages = {1053-1054},
},
@article{Dufresne J.
  title = {Climate change projections using the IPSL-CM5 Earth System Model: from CMIP3 to CMIP5},
  author = { Dufresne J. and Foujols M. and Denvil S. and Caubel A. and Marti O. and et a. },
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1636-1},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {40},
  pages = { 2123-2165},
},
@article{KAGEYAMA M.
  title = {Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum climate simulations with the IPSL model%u2014part I: comparing IPSL_CM5A to IPSL_CM4},
  author = { KAGEYAMA M. and Braconnot P. and Bopp L. and Caubel A. and Foujols M. and Guilyardi E. and Khodri M. and Lloyd J. and Lombard F. and Mariotti V. and Marti O. and Roy T. and Woillez M. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {2447-2468},
},
@article{Guemas V.
  title = {Retrospective prediction of the global warming slowdown in the past decade},
  author = { Guemas V. and Doblas-Reyes F. J. and Andreu-Burillo I. and Asif M. },
  journal = {Nature},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {649-653},
},
@article{Wild M.
  title = {The global energy balance from a surface perspective},
  author = { Wild M. and Folini D. and Schär C. and Loeb N. and Dutton E. G. and König-Langlo G. },
  url = {http://www.iac.ethz.ch/people/wild/Wild_et_al_ClimDyn_2013.pdf},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {3107-3134},
},
@article{Pendergrass A. G.
  title = {The atmospheric energy constraint on global-mean precipitation change},
  author = { Pendergrass A. G. and Hartmann D. L. },
  url = {http://http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00163.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Ma H.
  title = {On the correspondence between mean forecast errors and climate errors in CMIP5 models},
  author = { Ma H. and Xie S. and Klein S. A. and Williams K. D. and Boyle J. S. and Bony S. and Douville H. and Fermepin S. and Medeiros B. and Tytéca S. and Watanabe M. and Williamson D. L. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Collevatti R. G.
  title = {Demographic history and the low genetic diversity in Dipteryx alata (Fabaceae) from Brazilian Neotropical savannas},
  author = { Collevatti R. G. and Telles M. P. and Nabout J. C. and Chaves L. J. and Soares T. N. },
  journal = {Other},
  pages = {1-9},
},
@article{Williams K. D.
  title = {The Transpose-AMIP II experiment and its application to the understanding of Southern Ocean cloud biases in climate models},
  author = { Williams K. D. and Bodas-Salcedo A. and Deque M. and Fermepin S. and Medeiros B. and Watanabe M. and Jakob C. and Klein S. A. and Senior C. A. and Williamson D. L. },
  url = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00429.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {3258-3274},
},
@article{Kim J.
  title = { Thermal characteristics of the cold-point tropopause region in CMIP5 models},
  author = { Kim J. and Grise K. M. and Son S. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrd.50649/full},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
  volume = {118},
},
@article{Watterson I. G.
  title = {A skill-score based evaluation of simulated Australian climate},
  author = { Watterson I. G. and Hirst A. C. and Rotstayn L. D. },
  journal = {Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal},
  volume = {63},
  pages = {181-190},
},
@article{Perrette M.
  title = {A scaling approach to project regional sea level rise and its uncertainties},
  author = { Perrette M. and Landerer F. W. and Riva R. E. and Frieler K. and Meinshausen M. },
  url = {http://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/4/11/2013/},
  journal = {Earth System Dynamics},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {11-29},
},
@article{Roehrig R.
  title = {The present and future of the West African monsoon: a process-oriented assessment of CMIP5 simulations along the AMMA transect.},
  author = { Roehrig R. and Bouniol D. and Guichard F. and Hourdin F. and Redelsperger J. },
  url = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00505.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Long D. J.
  title = {Quantifying global climate feedbacks, responses and forcing under abrupt and gradual CO2 forcing},
  author = { Long D. J. and Collins M. },
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1677-0},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Lauer A.
  title = {Simulating clouds with global climate models: A comparison of CMIP5 results with CMIP3 and satellite data},
  author = { Lauer A. and Hamilton K. },
  url = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00451.1},
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {3823-3845},
},
@article{Weller E.
  title = {Asymmetry in the IOD and ENSO Teleconnection in a CMIP5 Model Ensemble and Its Relevance to Regional Rainfall},
  author = { Weller E. and Cai W. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {5139-5149},
},
@article{Geoffroy O.
  title = {Transient climate response in a two-layer energy-balance model. Part I: analytical solution and parameter calibration using CMIP5 AOGCM experiments.},
  author = { Geoffroy O. and Saint-Martin D. and Oliviè D. J. and Voldoire A. and Bellon G. and Tytéca S. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{DUVEL J.
  title = {An event-by-event assessment of tropical intraseasonal perturbations for general circulation models},
  author = { DUVEL J. and BELLENGER H. and Bellon G. and REMAUD M. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Kamae Y.
  title = {On the robustness of tropospheric adjustment in CMIP5 models},
  author = { Kamae Y. and Watanabe M. },
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {39},
},
@article{lahellec a.
  title = {A Formal Analysis of the Feedback Concept in Climate Models: exclusive and inclusive feedback analyses},
  author = { lahellec a. and Dufresne J. },
  journal = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
},
@article{Myhrvold N.
  title = {Time scale of thermal response of an abrupt change in atmospheric CO2 content in CMIP5 simulations },
  author = { Myhrvold N. and Caldeira K. },
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
},
@article{Tomassini L.
  title = {The respective roles of surface temperature driven feedbacks and tropospheric adjustment to CO2 in CMIP5 transient climate simulations},
  author = { Tomassini L. and Geoffroy O. and Dufresne J. and Idelkadi A. and Cagnazzo C. and Block K. and Mauritsen T. and Giorgetta M. and Quaas J. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Shindell D. T.
  title = {Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations},
  author = { Shindell D. T. and al e. },
  journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},
},
@article{Zelinka M. D.
  title = {Contributions of Different Cloud Types to Feedbacks and Rapid Adjustments in CMIP5},
  author = { Zelinka M. D. and Klein S. A. and Taylor K. E. and Andrews T. and Webb M. J. and Gregory J. M. and Forster P. M. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},
@article{Iversen T.
  title = {The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M. Part 2: Climate Response and Scenario Projections},
  author = { Iversen T. and Bentsen M. and Bethke I. and Debernard J. B. and Kirkevåg A. and Seland Ø. and Drange H. and Kristjansson J. E. and Medhaug I. and Sand M. and Seierstad I. A. },
  journal = {Geoscientific Model Development},
},
@article{Wang H.
  title = {Evaluating and Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Cloud Radiative Effects in IPCC-AR5/CMIP5 Models using Satellite Observations},
  author = { Wang H. and Su W. },
  url = {http://www.agu.org/journals/pip/jd/2012JD018619-pip.pdf},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres},
},
@article{Sperber K. R.
  title = {The Asian Summer Monsoon: An Intercomparison of CMIP5 vs. CMIP3 Simulations of the Late 20th Century},
  author = { Sperber K. R. and Annamalai H. and Kang I. and Kitoh A. and Moise A. and Turner A. and Wang B. and Zhou T. },
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-012-1607-6#page-1},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Andrews T.
  title = {Forcing, feedbacks and climate sensitivity in CMIP5 coupled atmosphere-ocean climate models},
  author = { Andrews T. and Gregory J. M. and Webb M. J. and Taylor K. E. },
  url = {http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2012/2012GL051607.shtml},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {39},
},
@article{DU Z.
  title = {How Well can CMIP5 CGCMs Simulate the EAP/PJ Teleconnection Pattern and its Corresponding Summer Climate in the East Asian Monsoon Region},
  author = { DU Z. and HUANG R. and Huang G. },
  journal = {Advances in Atmospheric Sciences},
},
@article{Bentsen M.
  title = {The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M. Part 1: Description and basic evaluation},
  author = { Bentsen M. and Bethke I. and Debernard J. B. and Iversen T. and Kirkevåg A. and Seland Ø. and Drange H. and Roelandt C. and Seierstad I. A. and Hoose C. and Kristjansson J. E. },
  journal = {Geoscientific Model Development},
},
@article{Tsushima Y.
  title = {Quantitative Evaluation of the Seasonal Variations in Climate Model Cloud Regimes},
  author = { Tsushima Y. and Ringer M. A. and Webb M. J. and Williams K. D. },
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
},
@article{Shin S.
  title = {A novel method for selecting climate projections based on cloud variations: Results from CMIP5 multi-models},
  author = { Shin S. and Lee M. },
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
},
@article{Nam C.
  title = {The "too few, too bright" tropical low-cloud problem in CMIP5 models},
  author = { Nam C. and Bony S. and Dufresne J. and Chepfer H. },
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2012GL053421/pdf},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  volume = {39},
},
@article{Geoffroy O.
  title = {Transient climate response in a two-layer energy-balance model. Part II: representation of the efficacy of deep-ocean heat uptake and validation for CMIP5 AOGCMs.},
  author = { Geoffroy O. and Saint-Martin D. and Bellon G. and Voldoire A. and Oliviè D. J. and Tytéca S. },
  journal = {Journal of Climate},
},